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A Climate Change Plan for the Purposes of the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act 2012

Canada’s Domestic Climate Change Approach

The Government of Canada takes the challenges of climate change seriously and is taking concrete action on fulfilling its commitment to reducing economy-wide GHG emissions by 17% below 2005 levels by 2020, or 607 Mt.

The Government of Canada started by addressing emissions in the transportation and electricity sectors – two of the largest sources of GHG emissions in Canada.

  • Final Passenger Automobile and Light Truck Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations, aligned with similar regulations in the United States, were announced in 2010. These regulations establish progressively more stringent GHG emission standards for new passenger automobiles and light trucks for the 2011-2016 model years. As a result, it is projected that the average GHG emission performance of new vehicles for the 2016 model year will be about 25% lower than the vehicles that were sold in Canada in 2008.
  • In April 2012, the Government also announced proposed regulations to reduce GHG emissions from new on-road heavy-duty vehicles. These proposed regulations would reduce emissions from the whole range of on-road heavy-duty vehicles and engines, including large pick-up trucks, short/long-haul tractors, cement and garbage trucks, buses, and more, for the 2014 model year and beyond.
  • In August 2011, the Government of Canada announced that it is moving forward with regulations for the coal-fired electricity sector. These proposed Regulations will apply a stringent performance standard to new coal-fired electricity generation units and those units that have reached the end of their economic life. The gradual phase-out of traditional coal-fired electricity generation is expected to have a significant impact on reducing emissions. Final regulations will be published soon.
  • Moving forward, the Government intends to introduce new regulations in other key sectors, including oil and gas, until Canada reaches its emission target.

In July 2011, Environment Canada published Canada’s Emissions Trends which reported that Canada was already a quarter of the way towards meeting its 2020 target. The Government is committed to continue publishing updates to this report to ensure transparency of its efforts to combat climate change and meet Canada’s 2020 emission target.

The Government is also investing to help Canadians adapt to the challenges posed by climate change. Budget 2011 provided $148.8 million over five years (2011-2016) to continue and expand federal programs designed to improve our understanding of climate change and to help Canadians prepare for climate-related impacts. This funding addresses key priority areas, including communities, health, and the economy, and will lead to credible, scientifically-sound information on climate change to support adaptation decision-making, particularly for Canada’s North.

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